MODERN METHODS OF THE MONUMENTS OF
OLD RUS CHRONICLES’ STUDYING
Modern studies of Old Rus chronicles are marked by synthetic incorporation of the different methods and approaches towards learning its copies and editions. Therefore the interdisciplinary methods and comparative textology, which combain capabilities of different sciences, are used. The article-by-article comparison of the texts of time parallel chronicles based on textological method, which is able to fix textological connections. The internal critics of chronicles (based on detaching of priority themes of chronicler, their attitude to the princes, attribution of chronical texts), the structure methods (a dissolution of chronicle texts on structural parts, in particular, chronicle tales), and also the hermeneutics and the genetic critics (the searching for implication of chronical texts, context parallels and sources of this senses in order to define intention of the author, his goals and objects) are adjacent to it. The linguistic methods include the linguistic textology (in particular, the method of stratification of chronical texts in order to mark corrections by editor, which detach on time transgressive corrections of its texts), lexis analyses and stationary analyses (studying of stable chronicle formulas, define analogies in chronical reports’ form and list of hidden citations), which help to identify author manner, temper of editor corrections and to mark a change of chroniclers. The chronological analyses of chronicles is a necessary structural element of the chronicle copies’ and editions’ studying, a part of which is an analyses of day dates, using by a chronicler. Chronological significatives fix “interruption”, transit chronologies, which can signify on the chroniclers rotation and changing of a sources, which they have used. A complex of chronological methods help to define chroniclers author style. The author outlined on using of quantitative (mathematical) methods, which include content analysis (the quantitative and quality method of sense analysis of source, which is what frequency and capacity of mention counting of sense unites). It comes down to define a frequency and regularity of terms mentions (names, topography details, etc.) within chronicle text unite (chronicle stretch) in chronicle-studying research works. This method helps marking detailed regional information, regularity of its reflection in the whole text of chronicle monument, a process of addition information of chronicle code and defining of interests and chronicler’ style. This can be an addition criterion of the marking of a chronicle protographes. The author makes a conclusion about a necessity of making a database in the form of tables, diagrams, matrixes, which are able to show a results of quantitative/content analysis of chronicles in order to outline specificities of regional chronicle traditions, to compare itemization of local information with general Rus’, its wider using and searching for a latent information, which can help to solve questions of attribution of chronicle texts and also search its sources and protographes’.
Keywords: chronicle writing, textology, chronological analyses, quantitative methods, content analysis, interdisciplinary approach.